REVIEW
Year : 2006  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 14

Reactive oxygen species: Role in the development of cancer and various chronic conditions


1 Moores UCSD Cancer Center, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
2 Department of Dermatology, University of Wisconsin Madison, Medical Science Center, Madison, WI 53706, USA

Correspondence Address:
Haseeb Ahsan
Department of Dermatology, University of Wisconsin Madison, Medical Science Center, Madison, WI 53706
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.1186/1477-3163-5-14

Oxygen derived species such as superoxide radical, hydrogen peroxide, singlet oxygen and hydroxyl radical are well known to be cytotoxic and have been implicated in the etiology of a wide array of human diseases, including cancer. Various carcinogens may also partly exert their effect by generating reactive oxygen species (ROS) during their metabolism. Oxidative damage to cellular DNA can lead to mutations and may, therefore, play an important role in the initiation and progression of multistage carcinogenesis. The changes in DNA such as base modification, rearrangement of DNA sequence, miscoding of DNA lesion, gene duplication and the activation of oncogenes may be involved in the initiation of various cancers. Elevated levels of ROS and down regulation of ROS scavengers and antioxidant enzymes are associated with various human diseases including various cancers. ROS are also implicated in diabtes and neurodegenerative diseases. ROS influences central cellular processes such as proliferation a, apoptosis, senescence which are implicated in the development of cancer. Understanding the role of ROS as key mediators in signaling cascades may provide various opportunities for pharmacological intervention.


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